Владивосток (423) 251-44-43, 44, 45   Восточный (4236) 665-445, 665-717   Москва (495) 545-02-33   Санкт-Петербург +7-911-777-63-09   Шанхай 86-21-63252917

Orient express: English language
Ориент экспресс: русский язык

Company address:

Vladivostok:

100, Krigina Str.,
Vladivostok, 690065, Russia.
tel: (4232) 51-44-43, 44, 45
fax: (4232) 51-61-85

General: order@orient.vntc.ru
ExRussia: expkat@orient.vntc.ru
Railway: nataly@orient.vntc.ru
Equipment:   fadin@orient.vntc.ru

Vostochny:
Office 106, 17, Vnutriportovaya Str.,
Vrangel, 692941, Russia.
tel: (4236) 665-445, 665-717
fax: (4236) 665-471

Moscow:
Office 8, premises № 4,
5/7, Spartakovskaya Str.,
Khimki, 141402, Russia.
tel: (495) 545-02-33
fax: (495) 545-02-33

orientm@gin.ru Director

inna@orient.vntc.ru

Sales Manager

St. Peterburg:
tel: (812) 495-97-45
fax: (812) 495-97-46

orient-spb@orient.vntc.ru

Shanghai:

Orient Express Shanghai branch
Freight Forwarding Co.
China, ShanghaiRm. 201, Block 1,
Pearl of Wisdom Industrial Park,
No.738 Guangji Rd.
 Zip Code: 200434
Телефоны: +86 21 6167-2318
Mobile+86 15000233530
china@orient.vntc.ru
china2@orient.vntc.ru
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Incoterms

Information for clients

Container specification
Railroad wagons specification
Classes of dangerous cargoes
Main concepts of international sale operations
Incoterms
  GROUP E. SHIPMENT
GROUP F. MAIN CARRIAGE UNPAID
GROUP C. MAIN CARRIAGE PAID
GROUP D. DELIVERY

Group E
Shipment
EXW EX WORKS ( ...named place)

The term \"Ex works\" means that the seller is deemed to have fulfilled his obligations to deliver the goods when the seller places the goods at the disposal of the buyer at the seller\'s premises or another named place (i.e. works, factory, warehouse, etc.). The seller is not responsible for loading the goods on the vehicle as well as for customs clearance of the goods for export.

Thus, this term represents the minimum obligations for the seller, and the buyer should bear all costs and risks involved in transporting the goods from the seller\'s premises to the destination. However, if the par-ties wish the seller to be responsible for the loading of the goods on de-parture and to bear the risks and costs of such loading, this should be clearly specified in a relevant addendum to the sales contract. This term may not be used when the buyer cannot carry out the export formalities directly or indirectly. In such circumstances the FCA term should be used, provided the seller agrees to bear costs and risks for the loading of the goods.
Group F
Main carriage unpaid
FCA FREE CARRIER (...named place)

The term \"Free carrier\" means that the seller delivers the cleared goods to the carrier nominated by the buyer at the named place. It should be noted that the chosen place of delivery has an influence on the obliga-tions of loading and unloading the goods at that place. If delivery is car-ried out at the seller\'s premises, the seller is responsible for shipment. If delivery is carried out at any other place, the seller is not responsible for shipment. This term may be used for all modes of transport, including multimodal transportations.
The term \"carrier\" means any person who under a contract of carriage undertakes to perform or secure the carriage of the goods by rail, road, air, sea, inland waterways, or by a combinations of such modes.

If the buyer nominates a person not being a carrier to receive the goods, the seller is deemed to have fulfilled his obligations to deliver the goods since the time when they are delivered to that person.

FAS FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (... named port of shipment)

The term \"Free alongside ship\" means that the seller fulfilled delivery when the goods are placed alongside the ship on the quay or on lighters at the named port of shipment. This means that the buyer should bear all costs and risks of loss of or damage to the goods from that moment. The FAS term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. However, if the parties wish the buyer to clear the goods for export, this should be clearly specified in a relevant addendum to the sales contract.

This term may only be used when the goods are transported by sea or inland waterway transport.

FOB FREE ON BOARD (... named port of shipment)

The term \"Free on board\" means that the seller fulfilled delivery when goods pass the ship\'s rails at the named port of shipment. This means that the buyer should bear all costs and risks of loss of or damage to the goods from that moment. The FOB term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term may only be used when the goods are trans-ported by sea or inland waterways transport. If the parties do not intend to deliver the goods across the ship\'s rails, the FCA term should be used.
Group C
Main carriage paid
CFR COST & FREIGHT (... named port of destination)

The term \"Cost & Freight\" means that the seller fulfilled delivery when the goods pass the ship\'s rails at the port of shipment.

The seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named port of destination, HOWEVER, the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs occurring after the shipment of the goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.

The CFR term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term may only be used when the goods are transported by sea or inland wa-terway transport. If the parties do not intend to deliver the goods across the ship\'s rails, the CPT term should be used.

CIF COST, INSURANCE & FREIGHT (...named port of destination)

Тhe term \"Cost, insurance & freight\" means that the seller fulfilled deliv-ery when the goods pass the ship\'s rails at the port of shipment. The seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the name port of destination, BUT the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs occurring after the shipment of the goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer

However, in accordance with the CIF term the seller should procure ma-rine insurance in the buyer\'s favor against the risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage.

Consequently, the seller must conclude an insurance contract and pay the insurance premiums. The buyer should note that in accordance with the CIF term the seller is required to obtain insurance only with minimum cover.

If the buyer wishes to have the protection of greater cover, he should ei-ther specially agree with the seller about that or make his own additional insurance arrangements.

The CIF term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term may only be used when the goods are transported by sea or inland wa-terways transport. If the parties do not intend to deliver the goods across the ship\'s rails, the CIP term should be used.

CIP FREIGHT/CARRIAGE & INSURANCE PAID TO (...named place of destination)

The term \"Freight/carriage & insurance paid to\" means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier nominated by him. In addition, the seller must pay the costs of carriage necessary to bring the goods to the named destination. This means that the buyer bears all risks and any additional costs before the goods have been so delivered. However, in accordance with the CIP term the seller should also procure insurance in the buyer\'s favor against the risks of loss of or damage to the goods dur-ing the carriage. Consequently, the seller concludes an insurance contract and pay insurance premiums. The buyer should note that in accordance with the CIP term the seller is required to obtain insurance with minimum cover.

If the buyer wishes to have the protection with greater cover, he should either specially agreed with the seller about that or make his own additional insurance arrangements.

\"Carrier\" means any person who in accordance with a contract of carriage undertakes to secure or arrange the carriage of the goods by rail, road, air, sea, inland waterways, or by combination of such modes.

If several carriers are used for the carriage to the destination, the risk passes when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier. The CIP term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term may be used when the goods are transported by any transport, including multimodal transportation.

CPT FREIGHT/CARRIAGE PAID TO (...named place of destination)

The term \"Freight/carriage paid to\" means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier nominated by him. In addition, the seller must pay the costs of carriage necessary to bring the goods to the named destination. This means that the buyer bears all risks of loss of or damage to the goods and any other costs after the goods have been delivered to the carrier.

\"Carrier\" means any person who in accordance with a contract of carriage undertakes to secure or arrange the carriage of the goods by rail, road, air, sea, inland waterways, or by combination of such modes.

If several carriers are used for the carriage to the agreed destination, the risk passes when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier.

The СРТ term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term may be used when the goods are transported by any transport, including multimodal transportation.
Group D
Delivery
DES DELIVERED EX SHIP (... named port of destination)

The term \"Delivered ex ship\" means that the seller fulfilled delivery when he places the goods at the disposal of the buyer on board the ship not cleared for import at the named port of destination. The seller should bear all costs and risks involved in bringing the goods to the named port of destination before their discharge. If the parties wish the seller to bear the risks and costs of discharging the goods, then the DEQ term should be used.

This term may only be used when the goods are transported by sea or inland waterway or multimodal transport when the goods arrive at the port of destination on a ship.

DAF DELIVERED AT FRONTIER (... named place of delivery)

The term \"Delivered at frontier\" means that the seller fulfilled delivery when he places the goods at the disposal of the buyer on the arrived means of transport not unloaded, cleared for export, but not cleared for import at the named point or place at the frontier, but before the cus-toms border of the adjoining country. The term \"frontier\" is understood any frontier, including that of the country of export. Therefore, it is of vital importance that the frontier be exactly defined by naming the specific point or place.

However, if the parties wish the seller to be responsible for the unloading of the goods from the arrived means of transport and to bear the risks and costs unloading, this should be clearly specified in a relevant addendum to the sales contract.

This term may be used when the goods are transported by any transport when the goods are delivered at a land frontier.

If a delivery takes place at the port of destination on board the ship, or on the quay, the DES or DEQ terms should be used.

DDU DELIVERED DUTY UNPAID (... named place of destination)

The term \"Delivered duty unpaid\" means that the seller delivers the goods at the disposal of the buyer not cleared, and unloaded from any arrived means of transport at the named place of destination. The seller must bear all costs and risks involved in bringing the goods to that place, except (if required) any duties collected for import at the country of destination (\"duties\" mean the responsibility for and the risks of the carrying out of customs formalities, and the payment of customs formalities, duties, taxes ad other charges). Responsibility for such duties shall be borne by the buyer as well as any costs and risks caused by his failure to clear the goods for import in time.

However, if the parties wish the seller to bear risks and costs of customs clearance, and a part of the costs of import of the goods, this should be clearly specified in a relevant addendum to the sales contract.

Responsibility, risks and costs of discharge and transshipment of the goods depend on who controls the chosen place o delivery.

This term may be used irrespective of means of transport, but when delivery takes place on board the ship or on the quay at the port of destination, the DES or DEQ terms should be used.

DDP DELIVERED DUTY PAID (... named place of destination)

The term "Delivered duty paid" means that the seller delivers the goods at the disposal of the buyer cleared and unloaded from any arrived means of transport at the named place of destination. The seller must bear all costs and risks involved in bringing the goods, including (where required) any duties for import in the country of destination ("duties" mean the responsibility for and risks of the carrying out of customs clearance, and the payment of customs formalities, duties, taxes ad other charges). While the EXW term represent the minimum obligations for the seller, the DDP term represents the maximum obligations for the seller.

This term may not be used is unable directly or indirectly to secure the obtaining of the import license. If the parties agree to exclude from the seller\'s obligations some of the costs payable upon import (such as value-added tax - VAT) this should be clearly defined in the sales contract.

If the parties wish the buyer to bear all risks and costs of import of the goods, the DDU term should be used. This term may be used irrespective of a mode of transport, but when delivery takes place on board the ship or on the quay at the port of destination, the DES or DEQ terms should be used.